Perennial flowers for summer cottages are extremely popular with gardeners, as they are easy to care for and delight the eye for several years. Let’s figure out how to plant and care for perennial flowers, as well as prepare them for winter.
Planting Flowering Perennial
Caring for perennials is generally easier than caring for annuals. Often, perennial garden flowers have repeated flowering, and this is the additional benefit of these plants. As a rule, the planting of perennial flowers is done by seedlings. You can purchase rhizomes or an already adult plant in a container. A fairly common option is to take the plant you like from the neighbors in the form of a part of the rhizome with scions.
If you buy an adult plant, be guided by its appearance: it should not look withered. Besides, decorative perennials in self watering pots should be grown in the same containers, so signs of a recent transplant should not be visible. As for the packed rhizomes, they should not be overdried, and the peat in the package should be moist. It is great if there are small sprouts. Before planting, rhizomes need to be dug into a box with undersoil (but not planted in the ground).
What Perennials to Plant
Below is a table, after studying which you can choose the right plants for your site.
|Gypsophila||Loves dry soils, a sunny place.|
|Phlox||Sunny place or partial shade, loamy, nutritious soil. Loves frequent watering.|
|Hosta||Any place, any soil, better shade or partial shade, except for the bright sun.|
|Lupine||A sunny place, nutritious soil. Withstands partial shade.|
|Auricula||Partial shade or sun, moist, nutritious soil.|
|Fern||Shade or partial shade, moist, loose, acidic soil.|
|Hellebore||Partial shade, better to plant under trees, any soil.|
|Peony||.A sunny place, nutritious soil.|
Planting and Caring
Before planting flowers that bloom every year, you need to prepare the soil — carefully dig it up and apply organic and mineral fertilizers. Depending on the needs of specific perennial flowers, it is necessary to correct the composition of the soil. Wait 2-3 days for the soil to settle before planting.
The best time to plant perennial flowers is from about April 25 to May 20, and from August 15 to September 5. Dig out planting holes in advance, the depth of which corresponds to the size of the roots of the plants intended for planting. An hour before planting, water the seedlings abundantly, spill the hole with water. Place the plant roots in the hole, sprinkle with soil, and pack down well.
When preparing perennial flowers for winter in late autumn, the plants must be cut as low as possible so that the flower beds are clean and neat before the winter period. Dry tops of perennials are a shelter for mice. Besides, perennials start early, and with spring pruning of dried parts, there is a chance to damage young scions. All perennials are pruned, except those that were planted this autumn.